The Brown Recluse is fairly common in states in the south central, such as Oklahoma, Texas Missouri, and east toward Florida. While the brown recluse has occasionally been brought into Nevada in household furnishings, firewood, and motor vehicles, it does not reside in Northern Nevada area.

The brown recluse spider bites in defense and does not bite humans instinctively. However, both female and male brown recluse spiders can bite and inject venom. The brown recluse’s bite is usually not felt, but results in a stinging sensation followed by intense pain as long as six to eight hours later. A small blister usually develops at the bite location that can turn into an open ulcer. Restlessness, fever and difficulty sleeping are common symptoms of a brown recluse spider bite.


Brown recluse spiders often live outdoors where they are typically found around rocks, utility boxes and woodpiles. Indoors, brown recluses can be found in any undisturbed area, such as inside boxes, among papers, in seldom-used apparel and shoes, under furniture or in crevices of window moldings. Closets, attics, crawl spaces and basements are the most common brown recluse spider hiding spots.


Recluse spiders can have a violin-shaped mark (with the neck of the violin pointing backward) on the top side of the head region (cephalothorax). However, the mark is not always distinct, so it should not be used as an identifying character. A unique feature of recluse spiders is their six eyes, arranged in pairs in a semicircle, which can be seen with the use of a good hand lens.

To avoid brown recluse spiders,

  • Do not leaving clothing on the floor.
  • Store clothing and shoes inside plastic containers.
  • Shake out all clothing that has been in a hamper before wearing or washing.
  • To get rid of brown recluse spiders, contact a pest professional with brown recluse spider control experience.